SCI 写作词汇


1. individuals,characters,folks替换people,person。

2. positive,favorable,rosy,promising,perfect,pleasurable,excellent,outstanding,superior替换good。

3. dreadful,unfavorable,poor,adverse,ill替换bad(如果bad做表语,可以有be less impressive替换)。

4. an army of,an ocean of,a sea of,a multitude of,a host of,if not most替换many。

5. a slice of,quite a few替换some。

6. harbor the idea that,take the attitude that,hold the view that,it is widely shared that,it is universally acknowledged that替换think。

7. affair,business,matter替换thing。

8. shared替换common。

9. reap huge fruits替换get many benefits。

10. for my part,from my own perspective替换in my opinion。

11. Increasing(ly),growing替换more and more(注意没有growingly这种形式。所以当修饰名词时用increasing/growing修饰形容词,副词用increasingly)。

12. little if anything或little or nothing替换hardly。

13. beneficial,rewarding替换helpful。

14. shopper,client,consumer,purchaser替换customer。

15. overwhelmingly,exceedingly,extremely,intensely替换very。

16. hardly necessary,hardly inevitable…替换unnecessary,avoidable。

17. indispensable替换necessary。

18. sth appeals to sb,sth exerts a tremendous fascination on sb替sb take interest in / sb. be interested in。

19. capture one’s attention替换attract one’s attention。

20. facet,dimension,sphere替换aspect。

21. be indicative of,be suggestive of,be fearful of替换indicate,suggest,fear。

22. give rise to,lead to,result in,trigger替换cause。

23. There are several reasons behind sth替换…reasons for sth。

24. desire替换want。

25. pour attention into替换pay attention to。

26. bear in mind that替换remember。

27. enjoy,possess替换have(注意process是过程的意思)。

28. interaction替换communication。

29. frown on sth替换be against,disagree with sth。

30. as an example替换for example,for instance。

31. next to/virtually impossible替换nearly/almost impossible。

32. regarding/concerning替换about。

33. crucial/paramount替换important。

34. 第一(in the first place/the first and foremost);第二(there is one more point, I should touch on,that…);第三(the last but not the least)。

35. assiduous替换hard-working。

36. arduous替换difficult。

37. underdeveloped/financially-challenged替换poor(因为poor通常含有贬义)。

38. demonstrate/manifest替换show。

39. invariably替换always。

40. perilous/hazardous替换dangerous。

41. formidable替换difficult。

42. quintessential替换typical(举例时常用,例如:a quintessential example should be cited that=for example;for instance)。

43. distinguished替换famous。

44. feasible替换possible。

45. consequently,accordingly替换so。

46. 通常,由数据推断出一定的结论,用Results indicate,infer,suggest,imply that……

47. 最常见的引述别人观点的词汇

Much of the research in sexual selection in the last two decades has examined how a female’s preference that does not influence her immediate reproductive success can still evolve if it is genetically correlated with another character under direct selection.(不要每次写到研究时总用study,可以用些其它的词汇,比如examine,work。)

Two hypotheses for female preference evolution—runaway sexual selection and good genes selection—state that preferences evolve indirectly because they are genetically correlated with male traits that are under direct selection; that is, the preferences themselves are not under direct selection.(在引述别人的观点时,如果不能完全同意,使用state比show更加中立些。)

Studies of receiver biases suggest that such analogies might not be broadly applicable.(suggest,又一种较为客观的引述观点的表达方法。)

Burley argued that the preference for red breaks is adaptive because it indicates male health, and this preference is then transferred to leg-band color.(argue,引用别人观点的又一表述。)

According to the anti-monotony hypothesis, habituation plays an important role in the evolution of complex vocalizations in songbirds: Increased song complexity reduces habituation of neighboring males and courting females.(根据……)

Previous studies of acoustic and bioluminescent interactions had emphasized potential advantages to group-signaling organization, such as minimizing predation, preserving species-specific signal characters, or increasing the attractiveness of the group.(带有小小的强调)

48.常见的连接词有,However,also,in addition,consequently,afterwards,moreover,Furthermore,further,although,unlike,in contrast,Similarly,Unfortunately,alternatively,parallel results,In order to,despite,For example,Compared with,other results,thus,therefore……用好连接词能使文章层次清楚,意思明确。比如,叙述有时间顺序的事件或文献,最早的文献可用AA advocated it for the first time.接下来可用Then BB further demonstrated that.再接下来,可用Afterwards,CC……如果还有,可用More recent studies by DD……


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